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Faroe Islands:
Geography

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Faroe Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Faroe Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
The population of the Faroe Islands is largely descended from Viking settlers who arrived in the 9th century. The islands have been connected politically to Denmark since the 14th century. A high degree of self government was attained in 1948.
Location
Definition
Northern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Iceland and Norway
Geographic coordinates
Definition
62 00 N, 7 00 W
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 1,399 sq km
land: 1,399 sq km
water: 0 sq km (some lakes and streams)
Area - comparative
Definition
eight times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
1,117 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 3 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Climate
Definition
mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
Terrain
Definition
rugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 2.14%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.86% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Marine Dumping -associate member to the London Convention and Ship Pollution
Geography - note
Definition
archipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands


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