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Federated States of Micronesia:
Geography

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Federated States of Micronesia Page


Other pages in this profile of the Federated States of Micronesia:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Location
Definition
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
6 55 N, 158 15 E
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Area - comparative
Definition
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
6,112 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrain
Definition
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Natural resources
Definition
forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
typhoons (June to December)
Environment - current issues
Definition
overfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
four major island groups totaling 607 islands


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