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Equatorial Guinea:
Geography

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Equatorial Guinea Page


Other pages in this profile of Equatorial Guinea:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 and 2002 presidential elections - as well as the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the population's living standards.
Location
Definition
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Geographic coordinates
Definition
2 00 N, 10 00 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 28,051 sq km
land: 28,051 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 539 km
border countries: Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
Coastline
Definition
296 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; always hot, humid
Terrain
Definition
coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
Natural resources
Definition
petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 4.63%
permanent crops: 3.57%
other: 91.8% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
26 cu km (2001)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.11 cu km/yr (83%/16%/1%)
per capita: 220 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
violent windstorms, flash floods
Environment - current issues
Definition
tap water is not potable; deforestation
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
insular and continental regions widely separated


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