header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Ireland:
Geography

Flag of Ireland
Click to enlarge

Ireland Page


Background
Definition
Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is being implemented with some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.
Location
Definition
Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Geographic coordinates
Definition
53 00 N, 8 00 W
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 70,280 sq km
land: 68,890 sq km
water: 1,390 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly larger than West Virginia
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 360 km
border countries: UK 360 km
Coastline
Definition
1,448 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Terrain
Definition
mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m
Natural resources
Definition
natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 16.82%
permanent crops: 0.03%
other: 83.15% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
46.8 cu km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 1.18 cu km/yr (23%/77%/0%)
per capita: 284 cu m/yr (1994)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note
Definition
strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com