header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Jarvis Island:
Geography

Flag of Jarvis Island
Click to enlarge

Jarvis Island Page


Background
Definition
First discovered by the British in 1821, the uninhabited island was annexed by the US in 1858, but abandoned in 1879 after tons of guano had been removed. The UK annexed the island in 1889, but never carried out plans for further exploitation. The US occupied and reclaimed the island in 1935. Abandoned after World War II, the island is currently a National Wildlife Refuge administered by the US Department of the Interior.
Location
Definition
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and the Cook Islands
Geographic coordinates
Definition
0 22 S, 160 01 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition
total: 4.5 sq km
land: 4.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
8 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Terrain
Definition
sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources
Definition
guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use
Definition
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island poses a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues
Definition
no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note
Definition
sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com