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Dominica:
Geography

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Dominica Page


Background
Definition
Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about half way between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
Definition
15 25 N, 61 20 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 754 sq km
land: 754 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
148 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Terrain
Definition
rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m
Natural resources
Definition
timber, hydropower, arable land
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 6.67%
permanent crops: 21.33%
other: 72% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
NA
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.02 cu km/yr
per capita: 213 cu m/yr (1996)
Natural hazards
Definition
flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world


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