header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Central African Republic:
Geography

Flag of Central African Republic
Click to enlarge

Central African Republic Page


Other pages in this profile of the Central African Republic:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in neighboring nations, Chad, Sudan, and the DRC, continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.
Location
Definition
Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates
Definition
7 00 N, 21 00 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 622,984 sq km
land: 622,984 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 5,203 km
border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
Terrain
Definition
vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
Natural resources
Definition
diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 3.1%
permanent crops: 0.15%
other: 96.75% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
20 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
144.4 cu km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.03 cu km/yr (80%/16%/4%)
per capita: 7 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
Environment - current issues
Definition
tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com