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Coral Sea Islands:
Geography

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Coral Sea Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Coral Sea Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
Scattered over more than three-quarters of a million square kilometers of ocean, the Coral Sea Islands were declared a territory of Australia in 1969. They are uninhabited except for a small meteorological staff on the Willis Islets. Automated weather stations, beacons, and a lighthouse occupy many other islands and reefs.
Location
Definition
Oceania, islands in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
18 00 S, 152 00 E
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: less than 3 sq km
land: less than 3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes numerous small islands and reefs scattered over a sea area of about 780,000 sq km, with the Willis Islets the most important
Area - comparative
Definition
NA
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
3,095 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical
Terrain
Definition
sand and coral reefs and islands (or cays)
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 6 m
Natural resources
Definition
NEGL
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly grass or scrub cover) (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
occasional tropical cyclones
Environment - current issues
Definition
no permanent fresh water resources
Geography - note
Definition
important nesting area for birds and turtles


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