header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Cocos (Keeling) Islands:
Geography

Flag of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Click to enlarge

Cocos (Keeling) Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Cocos Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William KEELING discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. From the 1820s to 1978, members of the CLUNIE-ROSS family controlled the islands and the copra produced from local coconuts. Annexed by the UK in 1857, the Cocos Islands were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.
Location
Definition
Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia, about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka
Geographic coordinates
Definition
12 30 S, 96 50 E
Map references
Definition
Southeast Asia
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 14 sq km
land: 14 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Area - comparative
Definition
about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
26 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
Terrain
Definition
flat, low-lying coral atolls
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
cyclone season is October to April
Environment - current issues
Definition
fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs
Geography - note
Definition
islands are thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com