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Bouvet Island:
Geography

Flag of Bouvet Island
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Bouvet Island Page


Background
Definition
This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825, when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Norway designated Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters a nature reserve. Since 1977, it has run an automated meteorological station on the island.
Location
Definition
island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)
Geographic coordinates
Definition
54 26 S, 3 24 E
Map references
Definition
Antarctic Region
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 49 sq km
land: 49 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
29.6 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 4 nm
Climate
Definition
antarctic
Terrain
Definition
volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m
Natural resources
Definition
none
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice) (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve Norway


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