header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Belarus:
Geography

Flag of Belarus
Click to enlarge

Belarus Page


Background
Definition
After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Alexandr LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion continue.
Location
Definition
Eastern Europe, east of Poland
Geographic coordinates
Definition
53 00 N, 28 00 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 207,600 sq km
land: 207,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly smaller than Kansas
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 3,098 km
border countries: Latvia 141 km, Lithuania 502 km, Poland 605 km, Russia 959 km, Ukraine 891 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Terrain
Definition
generally flat and contains much marshland
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m
highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m
Natural resources
Definition
forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 26.77%
permanent crops: 0.6%
other: 72.63% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
1,310 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
58 cu km (1997)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 2.79 cu km/yr (23%/47%/30%)
per capita: 286 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
soil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of the country contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' in northern Ukraine
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; glacial scouring accounts for the flatness of Belarusian terrain and for its 11,000 lakes


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com