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Bermuda:
Geography

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Bermuda Page


Background
Definition
Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Tourism to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. Although a referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995, the present government has reopened debate on the issue.
Location
Definition
North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of South Carolina (US)
Geographic coordinates
Definition
32 20 N, 64 45 W
Map references
Definition
North America
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 53.3 sq km
land: 53.3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
103 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
Terrain
Definition
low hills separated by fertile depressions
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Town Hill 76 m
Natural resources
Definition
limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 80% (55% developed, 45% rural/open space) (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
hurricanes (June to November)
Environment - current issues
Definition
sustainable development
Geography - note
Definition
consists of about 138 coral islands and islets with ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by US Government from 1941 to 1995


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