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Barbados:
Geography

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Barbados Page


Background
Definition
The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms in the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK in 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates
Definition
13 10 N, 59 32 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 431 sq km
land: 431 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
97 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; rainy season (June to October)
Terrain
Definition
relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m
Natural resources
Definition
petroleum, fish, natural gas
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 37.21%
permanent crops: 2.33%
other: 60.46% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
50 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
0.1 cu km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.09 cu km/yr (33%/44%/22%)
per capita: 333 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Environment - current issues
Definition
pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
easternmost Caribbean island


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