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Anguilla:
Geography

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Anguilla Page


Background
Definition
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates
Definition
18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 102 sq km
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about half the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
61 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain
Definition
flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources
Definition
salt, fish, lobster
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues
Definition
supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Geography - note
Definition
the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles


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