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Ashmore and Cartier Islands:
Geography

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Ashmore and Cartier Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Ashmore and Cartier Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, is now a marine reserve.
Location
Definition
Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island
Geographic coordinates
Definition
12 14 S, 123 05 E
Map references
Definition
Southeast Asia
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 5 sq km
land: 5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island
Area - comparative
Definition
about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
74.1 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate
Definition
tropical
Terrain
Definition
low with sand and coral
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all grass and sand) (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983


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