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Andorra:
Geography

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Andorra Page


Background
Definition
For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.
Location
Definition
Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Geographic coordinates
Definition
42 30 N, 1 30 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 468 sq km
land: 468 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 120.3 km
border countries: France 56.6 km, Spain 63.7 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Terrain
Definition
rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Natural resources
Definition
hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 2.13%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.87% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
avalanches
Environment - current issues
Definition
deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads in the Pyrenees


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