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Antigua and Barbuda:
Geography

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Antigua and Barbuda Page


Other pages in this profile of Antigua and Barbuda:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates
Definition
17 03 N, 61 48 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
land: 442.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
153 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate
Definition
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
Definition
mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m
Natural resources
Definition
NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 18.18%
permanent crops: 4.55%
other: 77.27% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
0.1 cu km (2000)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.005 cu km/yr (60%/20%/20%)
per capita: 63 cu m/yr (1990)
Natural hazards
Definition
hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts
Environment - current issues
Definition
water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a large western harbor


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