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Turkmenistan:
Communications & Transportation

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Turkmenistan Page


Other pages in this profile of Turkmenistan:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
495,000 (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
95.6 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
216,900 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
41.9 (2006)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: poorly developed
domestic: Turkmentelekom, in cooperation with foreign investors, is planning to upgrade the country's telephone exchanges and install a new digital switching system; mobile-cellular useage remains limited
international: country code - 993; linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and to other countries by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; a new telephone link from Ashgabat to Iran has been established; a new exchange in Ashgabat switches international traffic through Turkey via Intelsat; satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 1 Intelsat (2006)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 16, FM 8, shortwave 2 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
4 (government-owned and programmed) (2004)
Internet country code
Definition
.tm
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
97 (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
nearly 0 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
64,800 (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
12.5 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
28 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 22
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
1 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 6,441 km; oil 1,361 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 2,440 km
broad gauge: 2,440 km 1.520-m gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 24,000 km
paved: 19,488 km
unpaved: 4,512 km (1999)
Waterways
Definition
1,300 km (Amu Darya and Kara Kum canal important inland waterways) (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 20,257 GRT/22,456 DWT
by type: cargo 4, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1 (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Turkmenbasy


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