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Turkey:
Communications & Transportation

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Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
18.978 million (2005)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
264 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
52.663 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
732.5 (2006)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: undergoing rapid modernization and expansion especially with cellular telephones
domestic: additional digital exchanges are permitting a rapid increase in subscribers; the construction of a network of technologically advanced intercity trunk lines, using both fiber-optic cable and digital microwave radio relay, is facilitating communication between urban centers; remote areas are reached by a domestic satellite system; the number of subscribers to mobile-cellular telephone service is growing rapidly
international: country code - 90; international service is provided by the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable and by submarine fiber-optic cables in the Mediterranean and Black Seas that link Turkey with Italy, Greece, Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia; satellite earth stations - 12 Intelsat; mobile satellite terminals - 328 in the Inmarsat and Eutelsat systems (2002)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 16, FM 107, shortwave 6 (2001)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995)
Internet country code
Definition
.tr
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
217,887 (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
3 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
12.284 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
170.9 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
117 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 90
over 3,047 m: 15
2,438 to 3,047 m: 33
1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
914 to 1,523 m: 19
under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 27
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 17 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
18 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 7,511 km; oil 3,636 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 8,697 km
standard gauge: 8,697 km 1.435-m gauge (1,920 km electrified) (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 426,906 km
paved: 177,550 km (includes 1,892 km of expressways)
unpaved: 249,356 km (2004)
Waterways
Definition
1,200 km (2005)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 602 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,763,591 GRT/7,070,126 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 101, cargo 278, chemical tanker 64, combination ore/oil 1, container 34, liquefied gas 7, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 49, petroleum tanker 32, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 29, specialized tanker 2
foreign-owned: 9 (China 1, Cyprus 2, Germany 1, Greece 1, Italy 3, UAE 1)
registered in other countries: 559 (Albania 1, Antigua and Barbuda 6, Bahamas 8, Belize 12, Cambodia 24, Comoros 9, Dominica 4, Georgia 19, Greece 1, Isle of Man 2, Italy 1, Kiribati 1, Liberia 8, Malta 169, Marshall Islands 45, Moldova 1, Netherlands 1, Netherlands Antilles 9, Panama 87, Russia 72, Sierra Leone 12, Slovakia 10, St Kitts and Nevis 32, St Vincent and the Grenadines 20, Tuvalu 1, UK 2, unknown 2) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Aliaga, Diliskelesi, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mercin Limani, Nemrut Limani


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