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Russia:
Communications & Transportation

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Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
40.1 million (2005)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
285 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
150 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
1,066.1 (2006)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: the telephone system is experiencing significant changes; there are more than 1,000 companies licensed to offer communication services; access to digital lines has improved, particularly in urban centers; Internet and e-mail services are improving; Russia has made progress toward building the telecommunications infrastructure necessary for a market economy; the estimated number of mobile subscribers jumped from fewer than 1 million in 1998 to 150 million in 2006; a large demand for main line service remains unsatisfied, but fixed-line operators continue to grow their services
domestic: cross-country digital trunk lines run from Saint Petersburg to Khabarovsk, and from Moscow to Novorossiysk; the telephone systems in 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analog and digital, are available in many areas; in rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, and low density
international: country code - 7; Russia is connected internationally by undersea fiber optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Orbita systems
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 323, FM 1,500 est., shortwave 62 (2004)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
7,306 (1998)
Internet country code
Definition
.ru; note - Russia also has responsibility for a legacy domain ".su" that was allocated to the Soviet Union and is being phased out
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
2.844 million (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
20.2 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
25.689 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
182.6 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
1,260 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 601
over 3,047 m: 51
2,438 to 3,047 m: 197
1,524 to 2,437 m: 129
914 to 1,523 m: 102
under 914 m: 122 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 659
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 13
1,524 to 2,437 m: 69
914 to 1,523 m: 89
under 914 m: 484 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
47 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
condensate 122 km; gas 158,699 km; oil 72,347 km; refined products 13,658 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 87,157 km
broad gauge: 86,200 km 1.520-m gauge (40,300 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 957 km 1.067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island)
note: an additional 30,000 km of non-common carrier lines serve industries (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 854,000 km
paved: 722,000 km (includes 29,000 km of expressways)
unpaved: 132,000 km
note: includes public, local, and departmental roads (2006)
Waterways
Definition
102,000 km (including 33,000 km with guaranteed depth)
note: 72,000 km system in European Russia links Baltic Sea, White Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov, and Black Sea (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 1,085 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,625,858 GRT/5,721,729 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 26, cargo 677, carrier 2, chemical tanker 27, combination ore/oil 34, container 10, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 213, refrigerated cargo 58, roll on/roll off 11, specialized tanker 7
foreign-owned: 100 (Belgium 4, Cyprus 1, Germany 1, Greece 1, Italy 3, Latvia 2, South Korea 1, Switzerland 4, Turkey 72, Ukraine 10, US 1)
registered in other countries: 482 (Antigua and Barbuda 5, Bahamas 4, Belize 28, Bulgaria 1, Cambodia 94, Comoros 13, Cyprus 47, Dominica 3, Georgia 13, Hong Kong 1, Liberia 92, Malaysia 2, Malta 53, Marshall Islands 7, Mongolia 16, Panama 15, Sierra Leone 11, Slovakia 1, St Kitts and Nevis 21, St Vincent and the Grenadines 22, Tuvalu 2, Vanuatu 2, unknown 29) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Azov, Kaliningrad, Kavkaz, Nakhodka, Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Saint Petersburg, Vostochnyy


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