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Mexico:
Communications & Transportation

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Other pages in this profile of Mexico:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
19.861 million (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
180.6 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
68.254 million (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
620.7 (2007)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: adequate telephone service for business and government, but the population is poorly served; mobile subscribers far outnumber fixed-line subscribers; domestic satellite system with 120 earth stations; extensive microwave radio relay network; considerable use of fiber-optic cable and coaxial cable
domestic: low telephone density with about 18 fixed lines per 100 persons; privatized in December 1990; despite the opening to competition in January 1997, Telmex remains dominant; legal challenges to Telmex's alleged anti-competitive behavior in the mobile and fixed-line markets culminated in a World Trade Organization ruling in 2004 against Mexico prompting some strengthening of the powers granted Mexico's telecom regulator
international: country code - 52; Columbus-2 fiber-optic submarine cable with access to the US, Virgin Islands, Canary Islands, Spain, and Italy; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the MAYA-1 submarine cable system together provide access to Central America, parts of South America and the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 120 (32 Intelsat, 2 Solidaridad (giving Mexico improved access to South America, Central America, and much of the US as well as enhancing domestic communications), 1 Panamsat, numerous Inmarsat mobile earth stations); linked to Central American Microwave System of trunk connections (2005)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 850, FM 545, shortwave 15 (2003)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
236 (plus repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code
Definition
.mx
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
7.629 million (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
69.4 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
22 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
200.1 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
1,834 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 231
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 29
1,524 to 2,437 m: 84
914 to 1,523 m: 77
under 914 m: 29 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 1,603
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 63
914 to 1,523 m: 408
under 914 m: 1,131 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
1 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 22,705 km; liquid petroleum gas 1,875 km; oil 8,688 km; oil/gas/water 228 km; refined products 6,520 km (2006)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17,665 km
standard gauge: 17,665 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 356,945 km
paved: 123,503 km (includes 6,144 km of expressways)
unpaved: 233,442 km (2005)
Waterways
Definition
2,900 km (navigable rivers and coastal canals) (2007)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 58 ships (1000 GRT or over) 798,024 GRT/1,134,064 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 7, chemical tanker 6, liquefied gas 4, passenger/cargo 12, petroleum tanker 24, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 4 (Denmark 2, Norway 1, UAE 1)
registered in other countries: 17 (Brazil 1, Honduras 1, Liberia 1, Marshall Islands 2, Panama 3, Portugal 1, Spain 3, Venezuela 4, unknown 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Manzanillo, Morro Redondo, Salina Cruz, Tampico, Veracruz


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