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Iraq:
Communications & Transportation

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Iraq Page


Other pages in this profile of Iraq:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
1.547 million (2005)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
54.8 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
14.021 million (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
496.8 (2007)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: the 2003 liberation of Iraq severely disrupted telecommunications throughout Iraq including international connections; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic and international communications through fiber optic links are in progress; the mobile cellular market has expanded rapidly with an estimated 10.9 million current users
domestic: repairs to switches and lines destroyed during 2003 continue; additional switching capacity is improving access; cellular service is available and centered on 3 GSM networks which are being expanded beyond their regional roots, improving country-wide connectivity; wireless local loop licences have been issued with the hope of overcoming the lack of fixed-line infrastructure
international: country code - 964; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region, and 1 Arabsat (inoperative)); local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey; planned international fiber-optic connections to Iran (terrestrial) with a link to the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine fiber-optic cable (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
after 17 months of unregulated media growth, there are approximately 80 radio stations (types NA) on the air inside Iraq (2004)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
21 (2004)
Internet country code
Definition
.iq
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
3 (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
nearly 0 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
36,000 (2004)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
1.3 (2004)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
110 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 76
over 3,047 m: 19
2,438 to 3,047 m: 37
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 9 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 34
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
17 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 2,250 km; liquid petroleum gas 918 km; oil 5,509 km; refined products 1,637 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 2,272 km
standard gauge: 2,272 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 45,550 km
paved: 38,399 km
unpaved: 7,151 km (2000)
Waterways
Definition
5,279 km
note: Euphrates River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third River (565 km) are principal waterways (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 14 ships (1000 GRT or over) 83,559 GRT/126,546 DWT
by type: cargo 10, petroleum tanker 4 (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Al Basrah, Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr


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