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Iran:
Communications & Transportation

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Other pages in this profile of Iran:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
21.981 million (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
333.7 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
29.77 million (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
451.9 (2007)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: currently being modernized and expanded with the goal of not only improving the efficiency and increasing the volume of the urban service but also bringing telephone service to several thousand villages, not presently connected
domestic: the addition of new fiber cables and modern switching and exchange systems installed by Iran's state-owned telecom company have improved and expanded the main line network greatly; main line availability has more than doubled to 22 million lines since 2000; additionally, mobile service has increased dramatically serving nearly 13.7 million subscribers in 2006
international: country code - 98; submarine fiber-optic cable to UAE with access to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line runs from Azerbaijan through the northern portion of Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and Azerbaijan; HF radio and microwave radio relay to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Kuwait, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; satellite earth stations - 13 (9 Intelsat and 4 Inmarsat) (2006)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 72, FM 5, shortwave 5 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
28 (plus 450 repeaters) (1997)
Internet country code
Definition
.ir
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
6,111 (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
0.1 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
18 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
273.2 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
331 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 129
over 3,047 m: 40
2,438 to 3,047 m: 28
1,524 to 2,437 m: 24
914 to 1,523 m: 32
under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 202
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 145
under 914 m: 46 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
14 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
condensate 7 km; condensate/gas 397 km; gas 19,161 km; liquid petroleum gas 570 km; oil 8,438 km; refined products 7,936 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 8,367 km
broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge
standard gauge: 8,273 km 1.435-m gauge (146 km electrified) (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 179,388 km
paved: 120,782 km (includes 878 km of expressways)
unpaved: 58,606 km (2003)
Waterways
Definition
850 km (on Karun River; additional service on Lake Urmia) (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 92 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,373,176 GRT/2,151,318 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 35, cargo 35, chemical tanker 4, container 6, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 2 (UAE 2)
registered in other countries: 81 (Bolivia 1, Cyprus 6, Malta 69, Panama 4, St Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Assaluyeh, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e-Eman Khomeyni


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