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Germany:
Communications & Transportation

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Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
54.2 million (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
658 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
84.3 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
1,023.4 (2006)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: Germany has one of the world's most technologically advanced telecommunications systems; as a result of intensive capital expenditures since reunification, the formerly backward system of the eastern part of the country, dating back to World War II, has been modernized and integrated with that of the western part
domestic: Germany is served by an extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern networks of fiber-optic cable, coaxial cable, microwave radio relay, and a domestic satellite system; cellular telephone service is widely available, expanding rapidly, and includes roaming service to many foreign countries
international: country code - 49; Germany's international service is excellent worldwide, consisting of extensive land and undersea cable facilities as well as earth stations in the Inmarsat, Intelsat, Eutelsat, and Intersputnik satellite systems (2001)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 51, FM 787, shortwave 4 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
373 (plus 8,042 repeaters) (1995)
Internet country code
Definition
.de
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
16.494 million (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
200.2 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
38.6 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
468.6 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
550 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 331
over 3,047 m: 14
2,438 to 3,047 m: 52
1,524 to 2,437 m: 58
914 to 1,523 m: 72
under 914 m: 135 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 219
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 34
under 914 m: 181 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
28 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
condensate 37 km; gas 25,094 km; oil 3,546 km; refined products 3,828 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 48,215 km
standard gauge: 47,962 km 1.435-m gauge (20,278 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 229 km 1.000-m gauge (16 km electrified); 24 km 0.750-m gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 231,500 km
paved: 231,500 km (includes 12,400 km of expressways) (2006)
Waterways
Definition
7,467 km
note: Rhine River carries most goods; Main-Danube Canal links North Sea and Black Sea (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 391 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,948,287 GRT/15,211,242 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 47, chemical tanker 12, container 280, liquefied gas 5, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 27, petroleum tanker 11, roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 10 (China 2, Cyprus 1, Finland 4, Ireland 1, Netherlands 1, Sweden 1)
registered in other countries: 2,878 (Antigua and Barbuda 924, Australia 2, Bahamas 48, Bermuda 22, Brazil 6, Bulgaria 1, Burma 3, Canada 3, Cayman Islands 15, Cyprus 200, Denmark 9, Faroe Islands 1, Finland 2, France 1, Georgia 2, Gibraltar 120, Hong Kong 5, Isle of Man 56, Italy 3, Jamaica 2, Liberia 826, Luxembourg 8, Malaysia 2, Malta 78, Marshall Islands 224, Morocco 1, Netherlands 72, Netherlands Antilles 48, Norway 2, NZ 1, Panama 44, Portugal 22, Russia 1, Singapore 24, Slovakia 2, Spain 5, Sri Lanka 5, St Vincent and the Grenadines 3, Sweden 4, Turkey 1, UK 76, US 5) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Bremen, Bremerhaven, Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Lubeck, Rostock, Wilhemshaven


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