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Cuba:
Communications & Transportation

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Other pages in this profile of Cuba:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
972,900 (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
85.2 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
198,300 (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
17.4 (2007)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: greater investment beginning in 1994 and the establishment of a new Ministry of Information Technology and Communications in 2000 has resulted in improvements in the system; wireless service is expensive and must be paid in convertible pesos which effectively limits mobile cellular subscribership
domestic: national fiber-optic system under development; 95% of switches digitized by end of 2006; fixed telephone line density remains low, at less than 10 per 100 inhabitants; domestic cellular service expanding but remains at only about 2 per 100 persons
international: country code - 53; fiber-optic cable laid to but not linked to US network; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 169, FM 55, shortwave 1 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
58 (1997)
Internet country code
Definition
.cu
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
3,388 (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
0.3 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
240,000
note: private citizens are prohibited from buying computers or accessing the Internet without special authorization; foreigners may access the Internet in large hotels but are subject to firewalls; some Cubans buy illegal passwords on the black market or take advantage of public outlets to access limited email and the government-controlled "intranet" (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
21 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
165 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 70
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 31 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 95
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 23
under 914 m: 71 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 49 km; oil 230 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 4,226 km
standard gauge: 4,226 km 1.435-m gauge (140 km electrified)
note: an additional 7,742 km of track is used by sugar plantations; about 65% of this track is standard gauge; the rest is narrow gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 60,858 km
paved: 29,820 km (includes 638 km of expressway)
unpaved: 31,038 km (2000)
Waterways
Definition
240 km (2007)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 11 ships (1000 GRT or over) 29,953 GRT/43,637 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 3, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 2
foreign-owned: 1 (Spain 1)
registered in other countries: 15 (Bahamas 1, Cyprus 1, Netherlands Antilles 1, Panama 11, Spain 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Cienfuegos, Havana, Matanzas


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