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China:
Communications & Transportation

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Other pages in this profile of China:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
368 million (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
276.7 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
547.286 million (2007)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
411.5 (2007)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: domestic and international services are increasingly available for private use; unevenly distributed domestic system serves principal cities, industrial centers, and many towns; China continues to develop its telecommunications infrastructure, and is partnering with foreign providers to expand its global reach; 3 of China's 6 major telecommunications operators are part of an international consortium which, in December 2006, signed an agreement with Verizon Business to build the first next-generation fiber optic submarine cable system directly linking the US mainland and China
domestic: interprovincial fiber-optic trunk lines and cellular telephone systems have been installed; mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; the number of internet users reached 162 million in 2007; a domestic satellite system with 55 earth stations is in place
international: country code - 86; a number of submarine cables provide connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and the US; satellite earth stations - 7 (5 Intelsat - 4 Pacific Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Indian Ocean region, and 1 Inmarsat - Pacific and Indian Ocean regions) (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 369, FM 259, shortwave 45 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
3,240 (of which 209 are operated by China Central Television, 31 are provincial TV stations, and nearly 3,000 are local city stations) (1997)
Internet country code
Definition
.cn
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
10.637 million (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
8 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
253 million (2008)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
190.2 (2008)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
467 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 403
over 3,047 m: 58
2,438 to 3,047 m: 128
1,524 to 2,437 m: 130
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 67 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 64
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 13
914 to 1,523 m: 17
under 914 m: 26 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
35 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
gas 26,344 km; oil 17,240 km; refined products 6,106 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 75,438 km
standard gauge: 75,438 km 1.435-m gauge (20,151 km electrified) (2005)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 1,930,544 km
paved: 1,575,571 km (includes 41,005 km of expressways)
unpaved: 354,973 km (2005)
Waterways
Definition
124,000 km navigable (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 1,822 ships (1000 GRT or over) 23,615,538 GRT/35,988,595 DWT
by type: barge carrier 4, bulk carrier 442, cargo 693, carrier 3, chemical tanker 68, combination ore/oil 1, container 163, liquefied gas 42, passenger 8, passenger/cargo 83, petroleum tanker 246, refrigerated cargo 33, roll on/roll off 10, specialized tanker 9, vehicle carrier 17
foreign-owned: 17 (Ecuador 1, Greece 2, Hong Kong 10, Japan 2, Norway 1, South Korea 1)
registered in other countries: 1,401 (Bahamas 10, Bangladesh 1, Belize 85, Bermuda 9, Bolivia 1, Cambodia 174, Cook Islands 1, Cyprus 9, France 5, Georgia 7, Germany 2, Honduras 3, Hong Kong 322, India 1, Indonesia 2, Kiribati 14, Liberia 11, Malta 13, Marshall Islands 6, Mongolia 2, Norway 41, Panama 502, Philippines 3, Sierra Leone 11, Singapore 14, St Vincent and the Grenadines 99, Thailand 1, Turkey 1, Tuvalu 16, unknown 35) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin


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