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Australia:
Communications & Transportation

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Geography, People, Government, Economy, Military & Transnational Issues.
Telephones - main lines in use
Definition - World rank and map
9.94 million (2006)
Telephones - main lines in use per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
482.5 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular
Definition - World rank and map
19.76 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
959.2 (2006)
Telephone system
Definition
general assessment: excellent domestic and international service
domestic: domestic satellite system; significant use of radiotelephone in areas of low population density; rapid growth of mobile cellular telephones
international: country code - 61; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; the Southern Cross fiber optic submarine cable provides links to New Zealand and the United States; satellite earth stations - 19 (10 Intelsat - 4 Indian Ocean and 6 Pacific Ocean, 2 Inmarsat - Indian and Pacific Ocean regions, 2 Globalstar, 5 other) (2007)
Radio broadcast stations
Definition
AM 262, FM 345, shortwave 1 (1998)
Television broadcast stations
Definition
104 (1997)
Internet country code
Definition
.au
Internet hosts
Definition - World rank and map
9.458 million (2007)
Internet hosts per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
459.1 (2007)
Internet users
Definition - World rank and map
15.3 million (2006)
Internet users per 1,000 people
Definition - World rank and map
742.7 (2006)
Airports
Definition - World rank and map
461 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways
Definition
total: 317
over 3,047 m: 11
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 138
914 to 1,523 m: 143
under 914 m: 13 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways
Definition
total: 144
1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
914 to 1,523 m: 109
under 914 m: 16 (2007)
Heliports
Definition
1 (2007)
Pipelines
Definition
condensate/gas 469 km; gas 26,719 km; liquid petroleum gas 240 km; oil 3,720 km; oil/gas/water 110 km (2007)
Railways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 38,550 km
broad gauge: 3,727 km 1.600-m gauge
standard gauge: 20,519 km 1.435-m gauge (1,877 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 14,074 km 1.067-m gauge (2,453 km electrified)
dual gauge: 230 km dual gauge (2006)
Roadways
Definition - World rank and map
total: 812,972 km
paved: 341,448 km
unpaved: 471,524 km (2004)
Waterways
Definition
2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) (2006)
Merchant marine
Definition - World rank and map
total: 52 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,296,383 GRT/1,490,539 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 13, cargo 6, chemical tanker 1, container 1, liquefied gas 4, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 5
foreign-owned: 24 (Canada 9, France 1, Germany 2, Japan 1, Netherlands 2, Norway 1, Singapore 1, UK 5, US 2)
registered in other countries: 34 (Antigua and Barbuda 1, Bahamas 1, Bermuda 2, Dominica 2, Fiji 1, Marshall Islands 2, NZ 1, Panama 4, Singapore 11, Tonga 1, Tuvalu 1, UK 3, US 2, Vanuatu 2) (2008)
Ports and terminals
Definition
Brisbane, Dampier, Fremantle, Gladstone, Hay Point, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Hedland, Port Kembla, Port Walcott, Sydney


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